So what exactly is math? Often, math is seen as a subject that not many people have interest in. Its complexity can be overwhelming, and one bad impression with math can often turn people away. When I think about what math is, it is hard for me to give a formal definition because it a very broad concept. There are so many elements and components of math, so it can be taken in many different directions. It is also subject of interpretation of the person defining it because it is so broad. Some have much different ideas as far as what is math and what isn't math.
It is so hard for me to try to even think of a formal definition of what math is. However, if I was to have to give some kind of definition, I would say that math is the discovery of patterns of change that help us to explain things that happen in the world around us. It can use a range of levels of thinking, from logic and reasoning to simple calculations and calculations using algorithms. There are so many parts that I know I did not talk about, but we could be here forever discussing the amount of information that math encompasses. So, to me, math is a very broad topic containing many larger topics within it, and it focuses on the patterns among the topic of study. From this, we can explore the change in things all around us.
The top milestones in the history of mathematics that I feel like effect me the most, based on the fact that I am going to be a teacher, is kind of hard to narrow down. There are so many important milestones in the history of mathematics that will effect me as a teacher, and have effected what I am going to eventually teach, but I think there are definitely some that I can say are going to make the explanation of a pattern much easier and things that will aide my students in their discoveries with math. So, if I was going to give a top 5, I would say they would be...
1. Algorithms: These are an important tool to teaching lower elementary and middle school math. It is obviously most important that when using the algorithms with students that they actually understand why and how the algorithm works, but once they do, they can make computing in mathematics that much easier and less time consuming.
2. Modeling in Mathematics: I don't know if this tool is really considered an important milestone in the history of mathematics, but I definitely think that it is an important tool for understanding mathematics and that is why I mention it. Modeling in math gives a picture or imaging explanation of a problem. In teaching math, I cannot express how important it is for students to be able to do this! It helps with their reasoning and understanding so much, and benefits the teacher as well, by giving us a look at how they were thinking and reasoning with the problem.
3. Pythagorean Theorem: This is important in my mind, because this is one of the discoveries that I am sure I will be teaching a lot, when it comes to geometry. This makes it easier for students to work with triangles while learning geometry.
4. Euclid's Theorems: These are important, again, because they help students reason with shapes in geometry. It gives students this idea of reasoning with shapes through components that they have. It helps to see congruence in shapes, and gives a concrete reason why they are or are not congruent.
5. Calculator: This seems like a silly one to put on, but calculators are such a useful tool to us while doing math. Sometimes they are overused for simple calculations, but they can be so helpful for making math more efficient, especially time wise. There is so much that we can do with them that is helpful to us, and therefore, is an important milestone in math history.